Consumers may see packaging as an attractive and informative container for fresh and processed meat and poultry. However, because it touches the food, packaging is considered an indirect additive.
That's because chemicals in packaging can migrate into the food. The following information explains various types and uses of meat packaging materials and how their safety is regulated by government agencies. Who approves packaging materials for meat and poultry products? The U. Any material intended for use in food packaging must be formulated in compliance with FDA requirements for its intended use. The manufacturer of a new material must petition FDA and provide data proving the material is safe to use if it is not already regulated for the proposed use.
Meat and poultry products may not be packaged in a container composed of any substances that may adulterate the contents or be injurious to health. Packaging materials entering a meat or poultry plant must be accompanied or covered by a guaranty or statement of assurance from the packaging supplier. It must also state the brand name, supplier, and conditions for use, including temperature and other limits.
The plants must maintain a file containing guaranties for all packing materials in the plant. This file must be open to FSIS officials at all times. To verify guaranties, FSIS randomly selects packaging materials for review. If the Agency determines a packaging material does not comply with Federal food laws and regulations, the material is disapproved and its use in federally-inspected meat and poultry plants may be denied.
The packaging comes into direct contact with food so it cannot be composed of substances that might migrate into the food as a consequence of the irradiation process. In addition, these packaging materials cannot demonstrate detectable radioactivity as a result of irradiation.
FDA regulations specify a maximum absorbed dose level of irradiation that the packaging material can be safely subjected to.
Irradiated poultry is available in a limited number of geographic areas in the U. Post-process contamination of the irradiated pork with trichinae larvae would not likely occur. No irradiated pork is available in the U.
The packaging materials listed in this section may be safely subjected to irradiation subject to the provisions and to the requirement that no induced radioactivity is detectable in the packaging material itself. Oxygen in the air hastens both the chemical breakdown and microbial spoilage of many foods.
To help preserve foods longer, scientists have developed ways to help overcome the effects of oxygen. Vacuum packaging, for example, removes air from packages and produces a vacuum inside. Modified atmosphere packaging MAP and controlled atmosphere packaging CAP help to preserve foods by replacing some or all of the oxygen in the air inside the package with other gases such as carbon dioxide or nitrogen.
Yes, it is safe to freeze meat or poultry directly in its supermarket wrapping, but this type of wrap is permeable to air. Unless you will be using the food in a month or two, overwrap packages with airtight heavy-duty foil or freezer wrap.
This should protect the product from freezer burn for longer storage. While extremely rare, a toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum is the worst danger in canned goods. NEVER USE food from containers that show possible "botulism" warnings: leaking, bulging, or badly dented cans; cracked jars or jars with loose or bulging lids; canned food with a foul odor; or any container that spurts liquid when opening.Which detail from Heart of Darkness shows the ineffectiveness of the colonizers.
What is the answer to this logical question pumara ako sumakay ako umupo ako sumandal ako bumaba ako anong dala ko? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed.
Unanswered Questions. Food Spoilage. Storage of Meats Poultry and Seafood. Is meat still good when the package has expanded?
Wiki User Probably not. If you've taken refrigerated meat out of the refrigerator and let it warm up some, the warming air inside the package could expand it, and your meat is probably okay. But if it's still refrigerated, the package expansion is probably caused by gases produced by the action of bacteria.
Almost always an expanded package is due to bacteria growth, the expansion due to warming the air inside the package will not be very discernible to the naked eye. Rule of thumb in the food industry is: "When in doubt, throw it out". Rule of thumb is no.
What does it mean when a package of raw chicken puffs up in the refrigerator?
Anytime a package has expanded it is an indicator that something has grown inside the package, indicating spoiling. With meat, the scare is that Botulism has been allowed to spore and become toxic. Botulism is an anaerobic organism that thrives in oxygen starved atmospheres, such as plastic wrapped packages, and since it is the number 2 most deadly neurotoxin in the world it is better to not take a chance.
A swollen or puffed meat package is an indication that the meat is no longer safe to eat. The cause of the package expansion is due to bacteria in the meat.?
How long the meat will be good will depend upon several things, including How the meat was handled before packaging The type of packaging How the meat was handled after packaging The processor's use-by date is a good guideline to follow.
Asked in Meat How much does a package of meat weigh? There is no standard-size package for meat. It should weigh whatever is on the label. Asked in Sandwiches What is the average cost of sandwich meat? It depends on the company's brand name, the size of the meat package, the amount of meat in the package, which store sells the meat, and which town in which state or nation produce the meat. Asked in Storage of Meats Poultry and Seafood, Freezing and Drying Food What if the package of the frozen meat has blown up like a balloon does it mean the meat is bad?
More than likely the meat is bad if the package is bulging. Asked in Venison How long does deer meat stay good in the freezer? Depending how you package it anywhere from 6 months to a year.
It had to do with his package, ie MEAT. The size of his penis. Yes, but it really isn't advisable. Was the meat in a sealed package or open on a plate? Make sure to cook the meat thoroughly all the way through.Like most foods, meat is best when it's served fresh. And while no one wants to be wasteful, no one should risk getting sick from tainted or spoiled meat.
When that beef, pork or poultry is ground up, however, it can sometimes be difficult to tell if it's actually gone bad. Since best by, sell by and use by dates can be pretty confusingculinary professionals recommend that home cooks perform their own assessment of any meat products before cooking them. The first test?
Take a look. In general, ground meat should be a varied shade of red or pink. Slight discoloration is natural, but the product package itself may also indicate spoilage. If ground meat passes the visual test, the next step is to touch it. After passing the look and touch tests, then it's time to use your nose. Like other products that have spoiled, ground meat will be especially pungent.
Like fresh fish, fresh meat shouldn't really be smelly at all. Here are some top tips for how to assess the freshness of specific types of meat.
As the meat hits oxygen, it blooms to a bright red. Beef actually has the longest shelf life of most ground meats and, assuming it wasn't purchased past its use by date and is freshly ground, should stay fresh in the fridge for five to seven days.
When raw beef starts to turn brown or gray even if it's just a small portion of the packageit's time to perform the smell and touch tests right away. Graying is a natural process that occurs as beef continues to oxidize, but if there is any sticky residue or it smells funky, toss it.
If you're still within that five day window and the beef is only a little gray on the outside, but otherwise seems fine, it's OK to consume it. However, if the meat is showing signs of gray or brown discoloration throughout, it's time to say goodbye. It's also important to keep in mind that ground meat can still go rotten in the freezer.
It could go bad before it even browns, so that's why you need to eat it immediately," said Peisker. Ground chicken and turkey usually last just two to three days in the fridge.
How to tell if ground meat has gone bad
Freshly ground chicken or turkey will have a light pink hue and virtually no smell. Like raw beef, raw poultry may get slightly gray or brown as it ages but the contrast may not be as obvious, so it's important to sniff it and thoroughly look for any slick or slimy residue before you use it any recipe.
Ground pork will stay fresh up to five days but around day three, you should definitely check the package.I have a package of raw chicken in my refrigerator for making fajitas and the plastic on top of the package has puffed up like there is air inside. The package came unopened from the supermarket. I work in the meat and dairy testing industry. While the chicken is probably FINE and there is probably just air in the package, it could be contaminated with a spore forming sort of organism.
The spore former MOLD won't hurt you but why settle for less than pristine meat at the price you pay? I think I would take it back to the store because they will give you a package that you don't have to think twice about! Have you ever used Eating for Energy raw food diet recipes strategy? This can surely teach people! The chicken has gone off. Answer Save. Abigail's Mom Lv 4. JEN Lv 5. Robert C. Chances are your fridge was not cold enough or the package was at room temperature to long.
Regardless this is a bad sign chef robert culinary instructor author of chef robert presents romantic dinners for two. How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer. Jennifer H. Ew that sounds like it got hot. Did you just buy it I would take it back or throw it out Not worth the risk of upset stomachs. U should take it back. Its better to be safe than soorry.
Still have questions?See also: Food Safety Videos. The package had "blown up" to the size of a football. I assume this is because of bacterial or related organism growth. Can you better explain this? I know that the food is not safe to eat, of course, but was wondering what types of bacteria might be the cause. There were no "added" bacteria, yeasts, etc. Various Bacteria are present in all foods, mostly in small amounts. Cold storage and heat treating cooking kills some bacteria, reduces the population of others kills some of them and slows the growth of others.
Various bacteria are used beneficially in fermentation of such products as yogurt and cheese, fish pastes and sauces, and yes even sausages. Fermentation frequently results in the production of various gases. Some species of Staphylococcus and lactic acid bacteria are used in sausage production for flavor development.
Certain bacteria also work on undigested carbohydrates in the human intestine, producing gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. These are anaerobic bacteria - that is bacteria that grow in the absence of oxygen. Some of the most powerful and dangerous bacteria are also anaerobic - such as Clostridium botulinum which results in botulism, which is frequently fatal.
The bacteria involved in the expanding package of sausages can be many varieties, actually many of them will not cause illness. BUT because the growth of bacteria is evident - this also indicates that any harmful bacteria that may have been present, have also multiplied. NEVER eat food from such packages. Here is a "simple" explanation of fermentation from the Encyclopedia Britannica:.
In most cells the enzymes occur in the soluble portion of the cytoplasm. The reactions leading to the formation of pyruvate thus are common to sugar transformation in muscle, yeasts, some bacteria, and plants. One product of the pathway is always the energy-rich compound adenosine triphosphate ATP. The other product, pyruvate, can undergo various transformations, depending on the cell type and the availability of oxygen.
Go to Top of page. Please feel free to link to any pages of FoodReference. Ehler and www. All rights reserved. You may copy and use portions of this website for non-commercial, personal use only. Any other use of these materials without prior written authorization is not very nice and violates the copyright. Please take the time to request permission. The Case of the Expanding Sausage Package.Thus, the differences between the distributions of frequencies in individual rows (or columns) and in the respective margins informs us about the relationship between the crosstabulated variables.
Column, Row, and Total Percentages. The example in the previous paragraph demonstrates that in order to evaluate relationships between crosstabulated variables, we need to compare the proportions of marginal and individual column or row frequencies.
Such comparisons are easiest to perform when the frequencies are presented as percentages. Graphical Representations of Crosstabulations. For analytic purposes, the individual rows or columns of a table can be represented as column graphs.
However, often it is useful to visualize the entire table in a single graph. Stub-and-Banner tables, or Banners for short, are a way to display several two-way tables in a compressed form.Why Rare Steak is Safe — but NOT Rare Chicken
This type of table is most easily explained with an example. Let us return to the survey of sports spectators example. In the table above, we see the two-way tables of expressed interest in Football by expressed interest in Baseball, Tennis, and Boxing. The table entries represent percentages of rows, so that the percentages across columns will add up to 100 percent.
For example, the number in the upper left hand corner of the Scrollsheet (92. Further down we can see that the percent of those always interested in watching football, given that they were always interested in watching tennis was 87. The percentages in the last column (Row Total) are always relative to the total number of cases. Multi-way Tables with Control Variables. When only two variables are crosstabulated, we call the resulting table a two-way table. However, the general idea of crosstabulating values of variables can be generalized to more than just two variables.
For example, to return to the "soda" example presented earlier (see above), a third variable could be added to the data set. This variable might contain information about the state in which the study was conducted (either Nebraska or New York).
GENDER SODA STATE case 1 case 2 case 3 case 4 case 5. NEBRASKA NEW YORK NEBRASKA NEBRASKA NEW YORK. The crosstabulation of these variables would result in a 3-way table: STATE: NEW YORK STATE: NEBRASKA SODA: A SODA: B SODA: A SODA: B G:MALE 20 30 50 5 45 50 G:FEMALE 30 20 50 45 5 50 50 50 100 50 50 100 Theoretically, an unlimited number of variables can be crosstabulated in a single multi-way table.
However, research practice shows that it is usually difficult to examine and "understand" tables that involve more than 4 variables. It is recommended to analyze relationships between the factors in such tables using modeling techniques such as Log-Linear Analysis or Correspondence Analysis. Graphical Representations of Multi-way Tables. You can produce "double categorized" histograms, 3D histograms,Batches (cascades) of graphs can be used to summarize higher-way tables (as shown in the graph below).
Crosstabulations generally allow us to identify relationships between the crosstabulated variables. The following table illustrates an example of a very strong relationship between two variables: variable Age (Adult vs. Child) and variable Cookie preference (A vs. COOKIE: A COOKIE: B AGE: ADULT 50 0 50 AGE: CHILD 0 50 50 50 50 100 All adults chose cookie A, while all children chose cookie B.
However, in real-life, relations between variables are typically much weaker, and thus the question arises as to how to measure those relationships, and how to evaluate their reliability (statistical significance).
The techniques used to analyze simultaneous relations between more than two variables in higher order crosstabulations are discussed in the context of the Log-Linear Analysis module and the Correspondence Analysis.
The Pearson Chi-square is the most common test for significance of the relationship between categorical variables. This measure is based on the fact that we can compute the expected frequencies in a two-way table (i. For example, suppose we ask 20 males and 20 females to choose between two brands of soda pop (brands A and B). If there is no relationship between preference and gender, then we would expect about an equal number of choices of brand A and brand B for each sex.
The value of the Chi-square and its significance level depends on the overall number of observations and the number of cells in the table.Dortmund vs Tottenham predictions for their UEFA Champions League - Group H match at Signal-Iduna-Park (Dortmund) on Tuesday 21 November 2017. Dortmund vs Tottenham Match Date: 21 November 2017 (local time) Venue: Signal-Iduna-Park (Dortmund) Arsenal vs. AS Roma v Chelsea Match Date: 31 October 2017 (local time) Venue: Stadio Olimpico (Roma)Todays Betting Previews - betxpert.
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Sunday's Best Betting Tips 03. Predictions and Tips for 30. Value bets of the day 29. Monday's Football Tips 27. Sunday's Best Betting Tips 26. Saturday's Best Betting Tips 25. Please add a reason for your report:Outcomes:Draw - Full return in the event that actually happened. There are plenty of reasons why bets are voided, for instance if a match was cancelled, a player did not play etc.
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This betting pick was also published in Basketball predictions and main StakeHunters betting tips page. This only happens to be the second victory for Frankfurt in the last six league outings. The club also secured a 3-1 win over PSGFrankfurt overcame a two-game winless run to beat Hertha Berlin 2-1 away from home.
The club also secured a 3-1 win over PSG but still finished second in the Champions League group. Allianz Arena was the destination for the recent game between these two teams, and Bayern Munich went as 3-0 winners. However, the last meeting at the Commerzbank Arena saw the two teams involved in a 2-2 draw.
Our betting tips and predictions anticipate a draw. Even though Bayern Munich have a substantial lead in the table, they are up against a difficult record when it comes to away games against Frankfurt. In the last six away matches against this opponent, Bayern have been able to get only three wins and have drawn the remaining three. Frankfurt have lost just once in the last four home matches. Bayern Munich have been a top scoring outfit, but there have been instances where the team has struggled.
In recent weeks, these struggles have primarily been in the away matches with Bayern Munich dropping five points in the last four away league matches.